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Species Dendroctonus frontalis - Southern Pine Beetle

Dendroctonus frontalis - female Dendroctonus frontalis - female Dendroctonus frontalis - male Dendroctonus frontalis - male Bark Beetle Galleries - Dendroctonus frontalis Bark Beetle Galleries - Dendroctonus frontalis southern pine beetle - Dendroctonus frontalis southern pine beetle - Dendroctonus frontalis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Scolytinae (Bark and Ambrosia Beetles)
Tribe Hylurgini
Genus Dendroctonus
Species frontalis (Southern Pine Beetle)
Explanation of Names
Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann 1868
Size
Adults are 2.2-4.2mm long(1)
Larva are 5mm long(1)
Identification
Chocolate brown to black. Has a prominent tubercle on each side of the vertical median groove on the front of the head. The pronotum is slightly narrowed at front, broadest at the middle and about as long as wide. The elytra are wide and over twice as long as the pronotum.(1)
Range
Throughout the southeastern and southern states(1)
Season
Various, depending on the life stage they overwintered in and the region(1)
Food
All species of yellow pine with shortleaf, loblolly, Virginia, and pitch favored.(1)
Life Cycle
Overwinter in the bark in all life stages -- eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults(1)
Females bore directly into the cambium to construct a nuptial chamber. After mating the female constructs a gallery diagonally across the grain of the wood, etching the surface faintly. The direction of the gallery eventually is reversed, creating an S-shaped or serpentine pattern. Eggs are deposited at intervals of 1/8 to 1" in niches in each side of the gallery, one egg per niche. Hatching occurs in 3-9 days and the larvae tunnel at right angles to the gallery. Young larvae create thread-like mines in the inner bark. Older larvae bore deeper as at it reaches maturity created a cell in the middle for pupation. Adults emerge in 10-32 days.(1)
3-5 generations per year(1)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Eastern Forest Insects
Whiteford L. Baker. 1972. U.S. Department of Agriculture · Forest Service.
2.Atkinson T.H. (200_‒2023) Bark and ambrosia beetles of the Americas