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Species Dichromorpha viridis - Short-winged Green Grasshopper

grasshopper - Dichromorpha viridis - female Grasshopper - Dichromorpha viridis - female Caelifera - Dichromorpha viridis - female Grasshopper - Dichromorpha viridis grasshopper, Green Short-Wing female ? - Dichromorpha viridis - female Short-winged Green Grasshopper (Dichromorpha viridis) - Dichromorpha viridis - female Dichromorpha viridis - female grasshopper? - Dichromorpha viridis
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Acrididae (Short-horned Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Gomphocerinae (Slant-faced Grasshoppers)
No Taxon (Orphulella Group)
Genus Dichromorpha
Species viridis (Short-winged Green Grasshopper)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Dichromorpha viridis (Scudder, 1862)
Explanation of Names
At Words by William Whitaker, "viridis" translates to "green".
Size
14-22 mm (male), 23-30 mm (female)
Identification
Female coloration is usually uniform, either brown or green. Males have two common color forms, green on upper surface and brown on sides, or light brown upper surface and dark brown sides. Forewings are usually very short, but long-winged individuals do occur. Elegant Grasshopper, D. elegans, is similar, found along east coast. D. viridis has two sulci (grooves) on pronotum, D. elegans just one. D. elegans is also said to have a larger head than D. viridis. (1) (2)

The series of photos linked from the one below shows details used in identification:
  
Range
Eastern North America and eastern Great Plains.
Habitat
Grassy areas, including lawns.
Season
Summer to early fall, typically July-September. May-December (Florida). June-September (Michigan). July-frost (North Carolina)
Food
Grasses.
See Also
D. elegans.
Print References
Bland, p. 82 (3)
Brimley, p. 24 (4)
Capinera, Grasshoppers of Florida, pp. 48-49, plates 23-24, fig. 11--comparison with D. elegans (1)
Capinera, p. 65, plate 4, fig. 5--comparison with D. elegans (2)
Deyrup, p. 35--photo of male and female, though not identified (5)
Helfer, p. 178, fig. 288 (6)
Internet References
The Insects of Cedar Creek--photos and info
Giff Beaton's Insect photo website--many photos of D. viridis
Works Cited
1.Grasshoppers of Florida (Invertebrates of Florida)
John L. Capinera, Clay W. Scherer, Jason M. Squiter, Jason M. Squitier. 2002. University Press of Florida.
2.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
3.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
4.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
5.Florida's Fabulous Insects
Mark Deyrup, Brian Kenney, Thomas C. Emmel. 2000. World Publications.
6.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.