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Species Geophilus vittatus - Diamondback Soil Centipede

large centipede - Geophilus vittatus Geophilomorpha - Geophilus vittatus long skinny centipede? - Geophilus vittatus long skinny centipede? - Geophilus vittatus Caring Mother Centipede - Geophilus vittatus - female soil centipede - Geophilus vittatus potential Geophilus - Geophilus vittatus Diamondback soil centipede found on Red Oak bark - Geophilus vittatus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Chilopoda (Centipedes)
Order Geophilomorpha (Soil Centipedes)
Family Geophilidae
Genus Geophilus
Species vittatus (Diamondback Soil Centipede)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Geophilus rubens
Explanation of Names
Geophilus vittatus (Rafinesque 1820)
Identification
dark, diamond-shaped markings down the back
uniform body width
number of pairs of legs in the 50s-60s
Range
Abundant throughout temperate North America.
Habitat
Underground, although unlike most geophilomorphs it will also venture above the surface beneath the bark of tree stumps, for example.
Food
Other small, soil-dwelling invertebrates.
Life Cycle
The females guard their eggs by coiling around them, like some snakes. They clean them, and secrete poisons from their underside to deter predators. If disturbed they will defend their young ferociously, although they are far too small to harm a person.
Print References
Crabill R.E., Jr. (1952) The centipedes of northeastern North America. (Doctoral dissertation. Microfilm: Film 4713, reel 154, no. 1)