Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Genus Xylosandrus

Xylosandrus compactus, lateral view - Xylosandrus compactus - female  Euwallacea? - Xylosandrus germanus Xylosandrus crassiusculus (Motschulsky) - Xylosandrus crassiusculus - female Xylosandrus amputatus? - Xylosandrus amputatus Unknown Scolytinae - Xylosandrus germanus Xyleborus dispar - Xylosandrus germanus Reddish bark beetle - Xylosandrus crassiusculus Xyleborinus saxesenii - ambrosia beetle - Xylosandrus crassiusculus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Scolytinae (Bark and Ambrosia Beetles)
Tribe Scolytini (Typical Bark Beetles)
Subtribe Xyleborina
Genus Xylosandrus
Explanation of Names
Xylosandrus Reitter 1913
Numbers
4 spp. (of which 3 adventive) in our area, >50 total(1)
Size
1.0–1.8 mm(1)
Range
worldwide, mostly tropical but some range into temperate areas; in our area, the native species in CA, the introduced in se. US (X. germanus widespread)(1)
Food
hosts: Acer, Ardesia, Calliandra, Carya, Cornus, Cupania, Fagus, Ficus, Fraxinus, Juglans, Myrica, Liriodendron, Phoradendron, Pinus, Prunus, Pyrus, Quercus, Serjania, Ulmus, Vitis(1)
Remarks
The exotic spp. are becoming very common, and sometimes aggressively attack apparently healthy small trees(2)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Mercado J.E. (2011) Bark beetle genera of the United States
2.American Beetles, Volume II: Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea
Arnett, R.H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley and J. H. Frank. (eds.). 2002. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL.