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Species Varroa destructor

bee parasite - Varroa destructor Varroa Mite - Varroa destructor - female Varroa destructor Varroa destructor Mite, dorsal - Varroa destructor - female Mite, dorsal rear margin - Varroa destructor - female Mite, ventral - Varroa destructor - female Mite, ventral-lateral head - Varroa destructor - female
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Chelicerata (Chelicerates)
Class Arachnida (Arachnids)
Subclass Acari (Mites and Ticks)
Superorder Parasitiformes
Order Mesostigmata (mesostigs)
Suborder Dermanyssina
Superfamily Dermanyssoidea
Family Varroidae
Genus Varroa
Species destructor (Varroa destructor)
Size
Females: 1.00 to 1.77 mm long, 1.50 to 1.99 mm wide. Males: 0.75 to 0.98 mm long and 0.70 to 0.88 wide
Identification
Adult females reddish-brown to dark brown, oval in shape. Adult males yellowish with lightly tanned legs, spherical body shape
Range
Worldwide, except Australia, parts of Africa, and the Antarctic.
Habitat
Beehives.
Food
Feeds on the hemolymph of larvae and adult honey bees.
Remarks
Introduced throughout the world (except Australia) from its original place in Southeast Asia and its original host Apis cerana. It arrived in the US in the 1980s and had a profound impact on beehives.
At first, there was no certainty whether the introduced species was this or the closely related Varroa jacobsoni or both. Now we know that it is the only species in the US.
In addition to feeding on honey bees, it transmits several viruses to them.