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Species Ancylis diminuatana - Hodges#3379

moth - Ancylis diminuatana Tortricid - Ancylis diminuatana Ancylis diminutana - Ancylis diminuatana Hodges#3380 - Ancylis diminuatana Ancylis diminutana - Ancylis diminuatana Moth  - Ancylis diminuatana 3380 - Ancylis diminuatana Ancylis diminuatana
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Tortricoidea (Tortricid Moths)
Family Tortricidae (Tortricid Moths)
Subfamily Olethreutinae
Tribe Enarmoniini
Genus Ancylis
Species diminuatana (Ancylis diminuatana - Hodges#3379)
Hodges Number
3379
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Ancylis diminuatana Kearfott, 1905 (1), (2)
Ancylis diminutana of authors (not Haworth, 1811)
Ancylis geminana of authors (not Donovan, 1806)
Phylogenetic sequence #620668
Explanation of Names
Specific epithet for "a specimen of this species labeled 'diminuatana Wlsm.,' but I have not been able to find the name or a description in any of Walsingham's writings." (1)
Ancylis diminuatana Kearfott, 1905 was synonymized with Ancylis diminutana (Haworth, 1811) in Heinrich (1923)(3). Hodges et al. (1983)(4) erroneously listed A. diminuatana as a misspelling of A. diminutana. Both A. diminuatana and A. diminutana were in turn synonymized Ancylis geminana (Donovan, 1806) in Brown (2005)(5). Gilligan et al. (2016) elevated both A. diminutana and A. diminuatana back to full species status. A. diminutana and Ancylis geminana are now considered to be strictly Eurasia species. (2)
Size
Wingspan 13.5-15 mm. (1)
FWL ♂ 4.5–7.5 mm, ♀ 5.5–8 mm. (2)
Identification
Adult - Very similar to Ancylis goodelliana. The main difference between A. diminutana and A. goodelliana is how straight or even the border between the dark and light halves of the wing is. A. goodelliana should have a more even lateral line separating the dark and light, while A. diminutana has a very sinuous line.
The above comment was made prior to Gilligan et al. (2016) (2) which also mentions, "The light gray to white costal margin and black streaks along the radius and cubitus of the forewing separate A. goodelliana from other Ancylis treated here." The pale area of the costal margin is usually more extensive than it is for A. diminuatana, usually reaching the apex and the black streaks can be heavy but are usually very light making identification for some (most?) individuals difficult without dissection.
Range
Types and other specimens: Tryon, NC (Fiske, May 12); Winchendon, MA (F.A. Merrick, May 26 to June 2); Plummers Island, MD & Washington D.C. (A. Busck, May 19 to June 1); Ramapo, NY Kearfott, May 27); Caldwell, NJ (Kearfott, May 17-22); British Columbia (Doctor Taylor & Bryant, June and July 4); Denver, CO ( Oslar, April 23).
Print References
Gilligan et al. 2016, Zootaxa 4178(3):365; Figs. 35–38. (redescription and status revision) (2)
Kearfott, 1905. Descriptions of new species of tortricid moths, from North Carolina, with notes. Proceedings of the United States National Museum. 28: 361 (1)
Works Cited
1.Descriptions of new species of tortricid moths, from North Carolina, with notes
William Dunham Kearfott. 1905. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 28(1398): 349-364.
2.Different continents, same species? Resolving the taxonomy of some Holarctic Ancylis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae)
Gilligan, T.M, P. Huemer & B. Wiesmair. 2016. Zootaxa 4178 (3):347-370.
3.Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae
Carl Heinrich. 1923. United States National Museum Bulletin 123: 1-298.
4.Check list of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico.
Hodges, et al. (editors). 1983. E. W. Classey, London. 284 pp.
5.World Catalogue of Insects, Vol. 5: Tortricidae (Lepidoptera)
John Wesley Brown, Joaquin Baixeras. 2005. Apollo Books.