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Species Catocala vidua - Widow Underwing - Hodges#8792

Catocala retecta - Hodges #8788 - Catocala vidua Widow Underwing - Catocala vidua unidentified moth - Catocala vidua Catocala vidua - Widow Underwing  - Catocala vidua Catocala vidua - Hodge's #8792 - Catocala vidua Hodges #8792 - Widow Underwing - Catocala vidua Widow Underwing - Catocala vidua moth - Catocala vidua
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Erebinae
Tribe Catocalini
Genus Catocala (Underwings)
Species vidua (Widow Underwing - Hodges#8792)
Hodges Number
8792
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Catocala vidua (J.E. Smith, 1797) (1)
Palaenae vidua J.E. Smith, 1797 (2)
Catocala desperata Guenée, 1852 (3), (4), (5)
Catabapta vidua (6)
Phylogenetic sequence #930782
Explanation of Names
Species name vidua is Latin for widow.
Numbers
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) included 101 species of the genus Catocala in America north of Mexico. (7)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (8)
Size
Wingspan 69-85 mm.
Identification
Adult: forewing pale gray with black arc beginning mid-costa and running just above reniform spot to apex; upper AM and PM lines with heavy black shading; straight black streak runs parallel to inner margin from base to outer margin (streak is broken only by AM and ST lines, and may be described as a basal dash, median dash, and anal dash - all inline); reniform spot surrounded by white ring; subreniform spot with open "tail" connecting to PM line; hindwing black with broad white fringe.
Range
Southern Ontario and Maine to Florida, west to Texas, north to Wisconsin.
Habitat
Deciduous forests containing food plants; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light.
Season
Adults fly July-October
Food
Larvae feed on primarily on leaves of hickory, pecan, walnut (Juglandaceae); other hosts include oak, willow, and Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia).
Adults come to moth bait, so presumably feed on plant sap, etc..
Life Cycle
One generation per year; overwinters as an egg laid on tree bark in the fall.
See Also
Dejected Underwing (Catocala dejecta) lacks a black arc running from mid-costa to apex; Yellow-gray Underwing (C. retecta) lacks a straight black streak running parallel to inner margin from base to outer margin (compare CBIF images of all three species)
Sad Underwing (C. maestosa) and Marbled Underwing (C. marmorata) lack a straight black streak running parallel to inner margin, the latter species also has orange bands on hindwing.
Print References
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1): p.13; Pl.1, f.17; Pl.13, f.6 (larva). (1)
Covell, p. 306, plate 34#14 (9)
Lafontaine J.D. & B.C. Schmidt, 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p. 30.(7)
Smith, J.E. & J. Abbot, 1797. The natural history of the rarer lepidopterous insects of Georgia. J. Edwards, Cadell & Davies, and J. White, London., vol 2: 181; Pl.91. (2)
Works Cited
1.Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala.
William Barnes, James Halliday McDunnough. 1918. Memoirs of the AMNH 2(1).
2.The Natural History of the Rarer Lepidopterous Insects of Georgia.
James Edward Smith & John Abbot. 1797. J. Edwards, Cadell & Davies, and J. White, London. 2 vols., 214 pp., 104 pl. .
3. Histoire naturelle des insectes. Spécies général des lépidoptères. Vol. 7. Noctuélites, tome 3.
Achille Guenée & Jean Baptiste Boisduval. 1852. Roret, Paris, 441 pp.
4.On the North American species of Catocala.
Augustus Radcliffe Grote. 1872. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 1-20.
5.Systematics of moths in the genus Catocala (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). III.
Gall, Lawrence F. & David C. Hawks. 2002. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society. 56(4): 234-264.
6.The genus Catocala.
George. D. Hulst. 1884. Bulletin of the Brooklyn Entomological Society 7(1): 14-56.
7.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
8.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
9.Peterson Field Guides: Eastern Moths
Charles V. Covell. 1984. Houghton Mifflin Company.
10.North American Moth Photographers Group
11.Bill Oehlke's North American Catocala