Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
(J.E. Smith, 1797) (1)
J.E. Smith, 1797 (2)
Guenée, 1852 (3)
Phylogenetic sequence #930782
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) included 101 species of the genus Catocala
in America north of Mexico. (7)
Powell & Opler (2009) reported 110 species in all of North America, and about 230 worldwide. (8)
Adult: forewing pale gray with black arc beginning mid-costa and running just above reniform spot to apex; upper AM and PM lines with heavy black shading; straight black streak runs parallel to inner margin from base to outer margin (streak is broken only by AM and ST lines, and may be described as a basal dash, median dash, and anal dash - all inline); reniform spot surrounded by white ring; subreniform spot with open "tail" connecting to PM line; hindwing black with broad white fringe.
e US (TX-FL-ME-WI) / Ont. - Map
Deciduous forests containing food plants; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light.
Adults mostly fly July-October (BG data)
Larvae feed on primarily on leaves of hickory, pecan, walnut (Juglandaceae); other hosts include oak, willow, and Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia).
Adults come to moth bait, so presumably feed on plant sap, etc..
One generation per year; overwinters as an egg laid on tree bark in the fall.
) lacks a black arc running from mid-costa to apex; Yellow-gray Underwing
) lacks a straight black streak running parallel to inner margin from base to outer margin (compare CBIF images
of all three species)
) and Marbled Underwing (C. marmorata
) lack a straight black streak running parallel to inner margin, the latter species also has orange bands on hindwing.
Barnes, Wm. & J.H. McDunnough, 1918. Illustrations of the North American species of the genus Catocala. Memoirs of the AMNH
, f.17; Pl.13
, f.6 (larva). (1)
Covell, p. 306, plate 34#14 (10)
Lafontaine J.D. & B.C. Schmidt, 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p. 30.(7)
Smith, J.E. & J. Abbot, 1797. The natural history of the rarer lepidopterous insects of Georgia. J. Edwards, Cadell & Davies, and J. White, London.
, vol 2: 181