Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Calendar
Upcoming Events

Interested in a 2022 BugGuide gathering in New Mexico?

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

Photos of insects and people from the 2015 gathering in Wisconsin, July 10-12

Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Previous events


TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Species Tettigidea lateralis - Black-sided Pygmy Grasshopper

Pygmy grasshopper - Tettigidea lateralis - female Pygmy Grasshopper - Tettigidea lateralis Sculptural Grasshopper - Tettigidea lateralis - female Armored pygmy grasshopper? - Tettigidea lateralis - female Small Grasshopper 040315 - Tettigidea lateralis - female Tettigidea lateralis - male Tettigidea lateralis? - Tettigidea lateralis - male - female Tettigidea lateralis - male
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Orthoptera (Grasshoppers, Crickets, Katydids)
Suborder Caelifera (Grasshoppers)
Family Tetrigidae (Pygmy Grasshoppers)
Subfamily Batrachideinae
Genus Tettigidea
Species lateralis (Black-sided Pygmy Grasshopper)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Tettigidea lateralis (Say, 1824). Synonyms, etc.:
Tettigidea laterale (spelling)
Size
9-16 mm, a bit larger than most others in this family. (1) Another reference (2) reports males as 8-11 mm, females 12-14 mm.
Identification
Eyes prominent. Pronotum rounded, extends over head. Tends to extend to tip of abdomen in southern populations, but is shorter in northern. Variably black, gray, brown, or cream. Often dark-sided with wide creamy band on top. Lower face of female is usually dark, that of male is usually a creamy white. (2) Hind femur often has a light spot. Compare front margin of the pronotum to differentiate from T. armata, similar, and found in moist habitats. In T. lateralis front margin is rather rounded. In T. armata it is spined. See Bland, p. 58, figs. 14D, 14E (3) and Helfer, p. 91, fig. 156. (1)

Compare also such widespread species as Nomotetrix cristatus. Pronotum has front margin acutely angled, and is strongly arched. That species is found mostly in dry habitats, and is also smaller, under 1 cm.
Range
Eastern and central North America (including southern Canada) west to Arizona and Colorado. Also south into Mexico and Central America.
Habitat
Found in both dry and wet habitats: sand dunes, swamps, deciduous and coniferous forests.
Season
All year (North Carolina), all year, except coldest months (Michigan). Perhaps not seen as an adult in mid-summer, e.g., see Insects of Cedar Creek
Food
Herbivores
Life Cycle
Sometimes occurs in migratory swarms. Has long and short-winged forms. One generation per year in north, two in south.
Remarks
Apparently one of the most widespread and commonly found members of the genus.
Print References
Bland, p. 131, p. 58, fig. 14 (3)
Brimley, p. 28--T. laterale, "state-wide, whole season" (4)
Capinera p. 151, plate 33 (2)
Helfer, pp. 92-93, figs 156, 157 (1)
Marshall, photos 90.3-4 (5)
Internet References
Insects of Cedar Creek--long-winged form
North Carolina State University Entomology Collection (179 pinned--most frequently collected of genus)
Works Cited
1.How to Know the Grasshoppers, Cockroaches, and Their Allies
Jacques R. Helfer. 1962. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.Field Guide To Grasshoppers, Katydids, And Crickets Of The United States
John L. Capinera, Ralph D. Scott, Thomas J. Walker. 2004. Cornell University Press.
3.Orthoptera of Michigan
Roger Bland. 2003. Michigan State University Extension.
4.Insects of North Carolina
C.S. Brimley. 1938. North Carolina Department of Agriculture.
5.Insects: Their Natural History And Diversity: With a Photographic Guide to Insects of Eastern North America
Stephen A. Marshall. 2006. Firefly Books Ltd.