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Species Rhinocyllus conicus - Thistle Head Weevil

Weevil - Rhinocyllus conicus Rhinocyllus conicus (Frölich) - Rhinocyllus conicus Rhinocyllus conicus? - Rhinocyllus conicus Rhinocyllus conicus (Frölich) - Rhinocyllus conicus Rhinocyllus conicus? - Rhinocyllus conicus - male - female Thistle Head Weevil - Rhinocyllus conicus Rhinocyllus conicus ? - Rhinocyllus conicus snout beetle - Rhinocyllus conicus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Coleoptera (Beetles)
Suborder Polyphaga (Water, Rove, Scarab, Long-horned, Leaf and Snout Beetles)
No Taxon (Series Cucujiformia)
Superfamily Curculionoidea (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Family Curculionidae (Snout and Bark Beetles)
Subfamily Lixinae
Tribe Rhinocyllini
Genus Rhinocyllus
Species conicus (Thistle Head Weevil)
Explanation of Names
Rhinocyllus conicus (Frölich 1792)
Size
4-6.5 mm(1)
Range
native to w. Palaearctic (Mediterranean basin to c. Europe & Turkmenistan), introduced in NA for weed control, now widespread, except se US(2)
Food
on thistles (Carduus, Cirsium spp.)(2); released in NA to combat the noxious musk thistle (Carduus nutans)
Life Cycle
Univoltine; overwinters as adult. Female lays 100-200 eggs. Larva develops in flower heads; images of various stages
Remarks
Controversial biocontrol agent used against noxious thistles in the genera Carduus, Cirsium, Onopordum, and Silybum. First introduced to the US in 1969 and now widely established, the weevil was found to be very effective in reducing the spread of invasive thistles, but also prone to attack native Cirsium spp. No longer recommended; releases prohibited in many areas.(3)
Print References
Louda S.M., Kendall D., Connor J., Simberloff D. (1997) Ecological effects of an insect introduced for the biological control of weeds. Science 277: 1088-1090.
Rose K.E., Louda S.M., Rees M. (2005) Demographic and evolutionary impacts of native and invasive insect herbivores: a case study with Platte thistle, Cirsium canescens. Ecology 86: 453-465.
Internet References
Fact sheet (Kok YYYY)(3) [use with caution]