Forewings lack translucent spots. Compare Dreamy Duskywing, E. icelus. See Internet, print references.
Eastern United States, plus southwestern United States into Mexico, parts of California.
Dry oak or oak/pine woodlands, usually on sandy or shaly soil.
April-May, early June (northern part of range, e.g., New York, Wisconsin), March-April (North Carolina), January-May (Florida, Texas)
Adults take nectar, especially from heath family (Ericaceae) plants. They also take fluids from mud, etc.
Larvae feed on oaks of dry habitats, including Scrub Oak, Quercus ilicifolia and Black Oak, Quercus velutina. Larvae live in nests of rolled oak leaves and overwinter there, pupate and emerge in spring. Males "hilltop", or patrol hostplants to seek females. One flight per year.
Brock and Kaufman, p. 284 (1)
Glassberg, p. 155, plate 51 (2)
Scott, plate 4 (caterpillar), 42 (adult), fig. 71, #647, p. 488 (3)
Allen, p. 194, plate 25--adult, plate 40--larva (4)