Taxonomic study of the planthopper family Cixiidae in the United States (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea).By Kramer, J.P.
James P. Kramer. 1983. Taxonomic study of the planthopper family Cixiidae in the United States (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 109(1): 1-57.
This study completes the first taxonomic revision of the planthopper family Cixiidae in continental United States. Thirteen genera and 172 species are recognized. A key to all 13 genera is presented.
Four genera, Cixius
Stål, and Oliarus
Stål, were recently revised by the author, and appropriate references are made to these other studies. Species of the remaining 9 genera are treated here.
New genera and new species: Stegocixius lochites
(Calif.) and Asotocixius diopter
(Ariz.). New species: Bothriocera tex
(Texas), B. omani
(Fla.), B. datuna
(Ala.), B. turcafa
(Fla.); Microledrida olor (Texas); Pintalia vibex (Fla.), P. gurneyi (Va.). New synonymy: Nymphocixia vanduzeei Muir and N. vanduzeei var. floridensis Caldwell are reduced to syns. of N. unipunctata Van Duzee. Pintalia dorsalis (Van Duzee) and P. dorsivittatus (Van Duzee) are reduced to syns. of P. delicata (Fowler). Lectotypes are selected for Pintalia delicata (Fowler) and Microledrida asperata Fowler.
The distribution of the family is nationwide with the greatest number of genera and species occurring in the Southwest. Plant associations are recorded. All critical diagnostic features are illustrated, and many new distributional records are included.