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Family Agaonidae - Fig wasps

Fig wasp - Pleistodontes imperialis - female Fig Wasp - female Fig Wasp - Pleistodontes imperialis - female Fig Wasp - Pleistodontes imperialis - female Fig wasp? - Pegoscapus - female Fig Wasp - female Blastophaga psenes - female Fig wasp on Ficus microcarpa - Pleistodontes froggatti - male
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hymenoptera (Ants, Bees, Wasps and Sawflies)
No Taxon ("Parasitica" - Parasitoid Wasps)
Superfamily Chalcidoidea (Chalcidoid Wasps)
Family Agaonidae (Fig wasps)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
probably polyphyletic group; Sycoecninae, Otitesellinae and Sycoryctinae may actually belong in the Pteromalidae(1); Sycophaginae have been transferred to Agaonidae from Torymidae(2)
13 spp. (mostly adventive/introduced) in 8 genera of 4 subfamilies in our area, >750 spp. in ~80 genera of 6 subfamilies worldwide(1)
Key to genera in (3) (chapter 4)
in our area, US only (none in Canada)(1)
Symbiotic with fig trees. Each species of Ficus has one or perhaps two species of wasp pollinators that lay their eggs inside the syconium. Sycoecinae, Sycophaginae and Otitesellinae may be gall formers in the non-reproductive parts of the fig or parasitoids of gall-formers.
Internet References
figweb (An extremely informative and comprehensive site covering this family; view videos)
Fig Wasps (article by Beatriz Moisset)
Works Cited
1.Universal Chalcidoidea Database
2.A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera)
Heraty J.M., Burks R.A., Cruaud A., Gibson G.A.P., Liljeblad J., Munro J., Rasplus J.-Y., Delvare G., Janšta P., Gumovsky A.... 2013. Cladistics 29: 466–542.
3.Annotated Keys to the Genera of Nearctic Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera)
Gary A. Gibson, James B. Woolley, John T. Huber. 1997. Canadian Government Publishing.