Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Hypena scabra - Green Cloverworm - Hodges#8465

What dowdy little moth, please . .  - Hypena scabra moth unknown 01 120507 - Hypena scabra Hypena scabra  - Hypena scabra Erebidae: Hypena scabra - Hypena scabra Moth (Hypena scabra?) - Hypena scabra moth - Hypena scabra Moth for ID - Hypena scabra Green Cloverworm Moth - Hypena scabra
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Erebidae
Subfamily Hypeninae
Genus Hypena
Species scabra (Green Cloverworm - Hodges#8465)
Hodges Number
Other Common Names
Green Cloverworm
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Hypena scabra (Fabricius, 1798)
Plathypena scabra Fabricius, 1798
Phylogenetic sequence # 930588 (1)
Explanation of Names
scabra - Latin for 'rough' (2)
Lafontaine & Schmidt (2010) listed 29 species of the genus Hypena in America north of Mexico. (1)
Wingspan 25-35 mm; male usually larger than female
Adult: forewing narrow, blackish-brown or grayish, sometimes with yellowish or orangish areas (color and pattern varies considerably); thin black horizontal line midway along inner margin, and pale triangular patch usually present along costa at apex; PM line slightly wavy with small but conspicuous outward bulge near costa; hindwing broad (2x width of forewing) and uniformly medium to dark grayish-brown with darker veins and faint discal spot
Larva: body light grayish-green with prominent yellowish-white lateral line, fainter subdorsal line, and thin faint whitish band across each abdominal segment; head greenish to brownish
e. N. Amer. / Cuba - Map- MPG
fields, gardens, wood edges, waste places; adults are nocturnal and attracted to light
Adults fly from March to November, or all year in warmer regions, but are most common in late summer and fall.
The larvae feed on leaves of alfalfa, beans, clover, ragweed, raspberries, strawberries.
Life Cycle
At least three generations per year.
larva; larva; larva; adult
The former genus Plathypena was included in Hypena by Robert W. Poole in 1989 (1).
See Also
Hop Vine Moth (Hypena humuli) is much less common, its forewing lacks a thin dark horizontal line midway along inner margin, and its hindwing is pale brownish-yellow (compare images of both species at CBIF)

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hypena californica
Print References
Powell, J.A. & P.A. Opler, 2009. Moths of Western North America. University of California Press, p. 255; plate 43, fig. 12. (3)
Internet References
live adult images (Larry Line, Maryland)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.Dictionary of Word Roots and Combining Forms
Donald J. Borror. 1960. Mayfield Publishing Company.
3.Moths of Western North America
Powell and Opler. 2009. UC Press.
4.North American Moth Photographers Group
5.The Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)