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Family Rhinophoridae - Woodlouse Flies

Woodlouse Fly - Melanophora roralis - male Fly 67 - Melanophora roralis Black Flies - Melanophora roralis - male - female Melanophora sp.? - Melanophora roralis Small fly - Melanophora roralis Melanophora roralis Melanophora roralis - male - female Unknown Fly - Melanophora roralis
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon (Calyptratae)
Superfamily Oestroidea
Family Rhinophoridae (Woodlouse Flies)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
includes Bezzimyia (previously placed in Tachinidae(1)); the monophyly of the family remains contentious(2)
Explanation of Names
Rhinophoridae Robineau-Desvoidy 1863
worldwide, ~170 spp. in 26 genera(3)
Two species native to North America: Bezzimyia americana and B. busckii
Three species introduced from Europe: Melanophora roralis, Phyto discrepans, and Stevenia deceptoria
Rhinophorids have a weakly developed subscutellum, narrow calypters, and a closed r5 cell. Melanophora have dark wings, M meeting R4+5 perpendicularly far from wing margin, Phyto have clear wings, M meeting R4+5 obtusely near wing margin.
Found in all zoogeographic regions except Australasia and Oceania. Mainly Palaearctic and Afrotropical.
hosts: where known, woodlice(2), also beetles, spiders, and other arthropods, and occasionally snails. The only entirely parasitic calyptrate family besides Tachinidae(4)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 2
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1987. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
2.Molecular phylogeny of the Calyptratae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha)...
S.N. Kutty, T. Pape, B.M. Wiegmann, R. Meier. 2010. Systematic Entomology 35: 614–635.
3.USDA Diptera Site (now closed)
4.Insects: Their Natural History And Diversity: With a Photographic Guide to Insects of Eastern North America
Stephen A. Marshall. 2006. Firefly Books Ltd.