Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada
Clickable Guide
Moths Butterflies Flies Caterpillars Flies Dragonflies Flies Mantids Cockroaches Bees and Wasps Walkingsticks Earwigs Ants Termites Hoppers and Kin Hoppers and Kin Beetles True Bugs Fleas Grasshoppers and Kin Ticks Spiders Scorpions Centipedes Millipedes

Fall Fund Drive

TaxonomyBrowse
Info
ImagesLinksBooksData

Family Blaniulidae

Tiny Spotted Millipedes - Blaniulus guttulatus Young Millipede? - Blaniulus guttulatus Millipedes? - Blaniulus guttulatus Micropod - Blaniulus guttulatus Unknown Crawler - Blaniulus guttulatus Unknown Crawler - Blaniulus guttulatus Unknown Red spotted millipede - Blaniulus guttulatus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
Order Julida
Family Blaniulidae
Numbers
North America: 1 native species, 5 introduced species.
Size
Up to 16mm in length, 0.9 mm in diameter. (1)
Identification
Cylindrical body, relatively long and thin, with a length:width ratio of up to 30:1. Members have distinctive spots on each segments: the odiferous glands. Eyes may be present or absent (eyeless species pale in color). If present, eyes are in one or two simple rows, rather than a large ocular field. First pair of legs in mature males is short, hook-like. Compared to members of Julidae and Parajulidae, no species possess a posterior projection of the pre-anal ring. (1)
Range
Predominantly Palearctic: species from Western Europe have been widely introduced in Eastern North America.(2). Some species in the West. See Remarks below.
Remarks
The only native species known is the U.S. endemic Virgoiulus minutus, known from Pennsylvania and Missouri south to Florida and Louisiana.(2)

Introduced species:(2)
Archiboreoiulus pallidus - Eastern U.S. and Canada to North Dakota
Blaniulus guttulatus - Widespread: "ubiquitous" in North America
Proteroiulus fuscus - Eastern North America
Choneiulus palmatus - Widespread: from Nova Scotia to Washington and California, unknown south of Pennsylvania
Nopoiulus kochii - Nova Scotia to Virginia, Washington State
Works Cited
1.Millipedes: Keys and notes for the identification of the species
J. Gordon Blower. 1985. E.J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys.
2.Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America
Richard L. Hoffman. 1999. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications.