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Family Blaniulidae

Skinny Little Millipede - Blaniulus guttulatus Millipedes? - Blaniulus guttulatus Julid, Blaniulus guttulatus? - Blaniulus guttulatus Blaniulus guttulatus Blaniulus guttulatus small millipede dangling from end of a leaf petiole Tiny Diplopoda Cylindroiulus sp.?
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Myriapoda (Myriapods)
Class Diplopoda (Millipedes)
Order Julida
Family Blaniulidae
Explanation of Names
Blaniulinae C.L. Koch 1847
Numbers
in our area, 1 native species + 5 introduced(1); ~80 spp. in 26 genera of 5 subfamilies total(2)
Size
Up to 16 mm long, 0.9 mm wide(3)
Identification
body long and thin, length : width ratio up to 30:1. Members have distinctive spots on each segments: the odiferous glands. Eyes may be present or absent (eyeless species pale in color). If present, eyes are in one or two simple rows, rather than a large ocular field. First pair of legs in mature males is short, hook-like. Compared to members of Julidae and Parajulidae, no species possess a posterior projection of the pre-anal ring. (3)
Range
Predominantly Palearctic: species from w.Europe have been widely introduced in eastern N.America(1). Some species in the West.
in our area:(1) the only native species is Virgoiulus minutus (PA‒FL to MO‒LA)
Introduced species:
Archiboreoiulus pallidus e.NA to ND
Blaniulus guttulatus & Choneiulus palmatus - widespread
Proteroiulus fuscus e.NA
Nopoiulus kochii NS‒VA, WA
Works Cited
1.Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America
Richard L. Hoffman. 1999. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications.
2.Sierwald P., Spelda J. (2023) MilliBase
3.Millipedes: Keys and notes for the identification of the species
J. Gordon Blower. 1985. E.J. Brill/Dr. W. Backhuys.