Identification, Images, & Information
For Insects, Spiders & Their Kin
For the United States & Canada

Species Underwoodia iuloides


Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America
By Richard L. Hoffman
Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications, 1999
Hoffman, R. (1999). Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publications 8, 1–553.

Full text PDF

A modern annotated checklist of millipede species known from North and Central America, including United States, Canada, Mexico,
Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, and the West Indies.

Checklist of the millipeds of North America
By Ralph V. Chamberlin and Richard L. Hoffman
United States National Museum Bulletin, 212, 1–236., 1958
Chamberlin, R., & Hoffman, R. (1958). Checklist of the millipeds of North America. United States National Museum Bulletin, 212, 1–236.

An outdated yet thorough, annotated checklist with taxonomic history, range information, and commentary. Largely superseded by Hoffman, 1999

Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification.
By William Shear
Zootaxa, 3148, 159–164., 2011
Shear, W. (2011). Class Diplopoda de Blainville in Gervais, 1844. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148, 159–164.

Full Text (PDF)
Shear recognizes approximately 147 families, 1,868 genera and 7,753 species.

Class Chilopoda, class Symphyla and class Pauropoda. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline...
By Minelli A.
Zootaxa 3148: 157–158, 2011

Revision of the Blastobasidae of North America
By Dietze, W.G.
Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 1910
Dietze, W.G., 1910. Revision of the Blastobasidae of North America. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, 36: 1-72.

A Field Guide to Insects and Diseases of California Oaks
By Tedmund J. Swiecki & Elizabeth A. Bernhardt
Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 2006
A USDA publication, available at:

  https://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/psw_gtr197/psw_gtr197.pdf

Good survey of insects & diseases of California oaks...useful for those interested in CA oak ecology.

Stability in Lepidoptera names is not served by reversal to gender agreement: a response to Wiemers et al. (2018)
By Van Nieukerken, E.J., O. Karsholt, A. Hausmann, J.D. Holloway, P. Huemer, I.J. Kitching, M. Nuss, G.R. Pohl, H. Rajaei, E. Rennl
Nota Lepidopterologica, 42(1): 101-111., 2019
Van Nieukerken, E.J., O. Karsholt, A. Hausmann, J.D. Holloway, P. Huemer, I.J. Kitching, M. Nuss, G.R. Pohl, H. Rajaei, E. Rennland, J. Rodeland, R. Rougerie, M.J. Scoble, S.Y. Sinev & M. Sommerer, 2019. Stability in Lepidoptera names is not served by reversal to gender agreement: a response to Wiemers et al. (2018). Nota Lepidopterologica, 42(1): 101-111. https://doi.org/10.3897/nl.42.34187

Praying Mantises of the United States and Canada
By Kris Anderson
Independently published, 2018
This peer reviewed text includes a dichotomous key to all 15 genera of Mantodea found in the U.S. and Canada. Extremely detailed descriptions are provided for each of the 27 species found within this region, including two newly listed invasive species and two newly described species. One new genus is established along with several taxonomic revisions and clarifications. Species treatments include taxonomic illustrations, precise morphological descriptions, accurate morphometry, complete natural history documentation, exhaustive historical literature review, and detailed distribution range maps.