Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Tebenna gnaphaliella (Kearfott, 1902)
Kearfott, 1902 (1)
Phylogenetic sequence #580024
Explanation of Names
Specific name from the host plant genus (Gnaphalium
) at the time of its description. (1)
Common name is from the common name of the host plant (Everlasting).
Wingspan about 7.5-8.5 mm. (1)
5 mm long.
Adult - forewing brown basally and in terminal area; median and subterminal areas with dense light gray speckling and three irregular white spots arranged in a triangle; each white spot surrounded by black shading; legs and antennae banded black and white. See original description in Print References. (1)
Larva - body dark shiny green, tapered at both ends, and lighter colored at each abdominal joint. See Fernald (1900), reprinted in Kearfott (1902), for Mary Murtfeldt's description of the larva and its habits. (2)
Records from Illinois to Maine, south to Florida, west to east Texas, disjunct population in California. (3)
Ontario - not listed in Pohl 2018.
Adults often found on flowers of herbaceous plants.
Late May to July; again in September to October in the north.
Everlasting or Cudweed (Gnaphalium), Pussytoes (Antennaria).
Larvae mine the leaves of various asters (Asteraceae) including Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium
, Pseudognaphalium helleri
, Anaphalis margaritacea
spp. sometimes causing considerable damage to cultivated and ornamental plants. (4)
Two generations per year. Larvae over-winter. Mine inside leaves when small, later transferring to outer leaf, feeding and pupating in groups inside a communally constructed web. 6 mm long.
Lectotype as Choreutis gnaphaliella by Kearfott, 1902. Type Locality: Missouri. In the United States National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian, Washington, D.C. Type #6264.
Kearfott, W.D. 1902. A revision of the North American species of the genus Choreutis
. Journal of The New York Entomological Society
10: 113 (1)
Bulletin of the Illinois State Laboratory of natural History, 1915-17, Vol. 12 by Mosher, pg. 48.
Cornell University Agricultural Experiment Station, 1923, Memoir #68 by Forbes, pp. 353 to 354.
Leafmining Insects, 1928 by Needham, pg. 292.