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Species Anicla illapsa - Snowy Dart - Hodges#10903

Snowy Dart - Anicla illapsa IMG 2787 - Anicla illapsa Anicla illapsa Anicla illapsa Anicla illapsa Anicla illapsa Anicla illapsa  Anicla illapsa  - Anicla illapsa
Show images of: caterpillars · adults · both
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Lepidoptera (Butterflies and Moths)
Superfamily Noctuoidea (Owlet Moths and kin)
Family Noctuidae (Owlet Moths)
Subfamily Noctuinae (Cutworm or Dart Moths)
Tribe Noctuini
Subtribe Agrotina
Genus Anicla
Species illapsa (Snowy Dart - Hodges#10903)
Hodges Number
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Anicla illapsa (Walker, 1857)
Euagrotis illapsa
* phylogenetic sequence #933216
one of 15 species in this genus in America north of Mexico.(1)
wingspan 29-35 mm (2)
Adult: forewing light gray to reddish-brown with black speckling; dark shading beyond PM line, especially near costa; reniform spot blackish, often broken into 2 or 3 parts; lines darkest at costa; hindwing white with some gray at apex in male, more along outer margin in female; thoracic collar thin, black.

Shape of valvae consistent with A. illapsa. Lacks blunt spine on the vesica, weak digitus on valvae, and margins on valvae almost parallel that are described for A. forbesi.
New Brunswick to Florida, west to Texas, Nebraska, and Ontario
adults fly from May to October (2 broods)
larvae have been reared on Timothy (Phleum pratense) and probably feed on a variety of other grasses.
* USDA plant information
Life Cycle
two generations per year
See Also
Anicla forbesi has a thick black collar and more uniformly colored forewing

Slippery Dart (Anicla lubricans) has a dirty gray hindwing, and a more southern distribution (doesn't reach Canada or northern tier of states except southern Ohio)
Print References
Lafontaine, J. D., 2004. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 27.1: p. 51; pl. A.29-33.(3)
Lafontaine J. D., and B. C. Schmidt 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p. 99.(1)
Internet References
Moth Photographers Group - range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems - species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.
pinned and live adult images by James Adams and Hugh McGuinness respectively (Dalton State College, Georgia)
presence in Florida; list (John Heppner, Florida State Collection of Arthropods)
presence in Texas; list (Dale Clark, Texas)
distribution in Canada list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)
Works Cited
1.Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico.
Donald J. Lafontaine, B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. ZooKeys 40: 1–239 .
2.Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America
Charles V. Covell, Jr. 2005.
3.The Moths of America North of Mexico, Noctuoidea, Noctuidae (Part), Noctuinae (Part-Agrotini), Fascicle 27.1
J. Donald Lafontaine. 2004. The Wedge Entomological Research Foundation.