Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Anicla illapsa (Walker, 1857)
* phylogenetic sequence #933216
one of 15 species in this genus in America north of Mexico.(1)
Adult: forewing light gray to reddish-brown with black speckling; dark shading beyond PM line, especially near costa; reniform spot blackish, often broken into 2 or 3 parts; lines darkest at costa; hindwing white with some gray at apex in male, more along outer margin in female; thoracic collar thin, black.
Shape of valvae consistent with A. illapsa. Lacks blunt spine on the vesica, weak digitus on valvae, and margins on valvae almost parallel that are described for A. forbesi.
New Brunswick to Florida, west to Texas, Nebraska, and Ontario
adults fly from May to October (2 broods)
larvae have been reared on Timothy (Phleum pratense) and probably feed on a variety of other grasses.
USDA plant information
Anicla forbesi has a thick black collar and more uniformly colored forewing
) has a dirty gray hindwing, and a more southern distribution (doesn't reach Canada or northern tier of states except southern Ohio)
Lafontaine, J. D., 2004. Moths of America North of Mexico, Fascicle 27.1: p. 51; pl. A.29-33.(3)
Lafontaine J. D., and B. C. Schmidt 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America North of Mexico. p. 99.(1)
Moth Photographers Group
- range map, photos of living and pinned adults.
BOLD - Barcode of Life Data Systems
- species account with collection map and photos of pinned adults.
pinned and live adult images
by James Adams and Hugh McGuinness respectively (Dalton State College, Georgia)
presence in Florida; list
(John Heppner, Florida State Collection of Arthropods)
distribution in Canada
list of provinces (U. of Alberta, using CBIF data)