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Family Tanyderidae - Primitive Crane Flies

BG663 Fly - Protoplasa fitchii - female Protanyderus cranefly sp? - Protanyderus margarita - female crane fly - Protoplasa fitchii - female Small Crane Fly - Protanyderus vipio - male Crane Fly - Protoplasa fitchii unknown insect - Protoplasa fitchii unknown insect - Protoplasa fitchii
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Psychodomorpha
Family Tanyderidae (Primitive Crane Flies)
Explanation of Names
Tanyderidae Osten Sacken 1880
4 spp. in 2 genera in our area(1), 55 spp. in 12 genera total(2)
Tanyderidae resemble crane flies. They can be differentiated from phantom crane flies by the presence of vein 3a, winter crane flies by the absence of ocelli, and crane flies by the presence of 5 R veins.
Protoplasa fitchii the only species in the east, Protanyderus (3 spp.) are western; most of the remaining genera are precinctive to various parts of the southern hemisphere(3)(4)
Larvae in the sandy soil at the margins of large streams(3); adults can be found hanging during the day from riparian vegetation near streams; adult males sometimes swarm in great numbers, especially in the evenings(4)
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Order Diptera Linnaeus, 1758. In: Zhang Z.-Q. (ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification...
Pape T., Blagoderov V., Mostovski M.B. 2011. Zootaxa 3148: 222–229.
3.Manual of Nearctic Diptera Volume 1
Varies for each chapter; edited by J.F. McAlpine, B.V. Petersen, G.E. Shewell, H.J. Teskey, J.R. Vockeroth, D.M. Wood. 1981. Research Branch Agriculture Canada.
4.Evenhuis N.L. (ed.) Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian regions (online version)