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BugGuide is a National Moth Week Partner. How to add your National Moth Week 2021 photos. July 17-25.

Photos of insects and people from the Spring 2021 gathering in Louisiana, April 28-May 2

National Moth Week 2020 photos of insects and people.

Photos of insects and people from the 2019 BugGuide Gathering in Louisiana, July 25-27

Discussion, insects and people from the 2018 gathering in Virginia, July 27-29

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Photos of insects and people from the 2014 gathering in Virginia, June 4-7.

Photos of insects and people from the 2013 gathering in Arizona, July 25-28

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TaxonomyBrowseInfoImagesLinks
Books
Data

Infraorder Culicomorpha - Mosquitoes and Midges

 
 
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Revision of the North American species of the genus Pentaneura (Tendipedidae: Chironomidae, Diptera).
By Johannsen, 0.A.
Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 54: 267–289., 1946
Full Text - BHL

Johannsen, 0.A. 1946. Revision of the North American species of the genus Pentaneura (Tendipedidae: Chironomidae, Diptera). Journal of the New York Entomological Society. 54: 267–289.

Common Mosquitoes of Louisiana
By Mark Fox
Louisiana Mosquito Control Association
PDF

Keys to species of adults and larvae found in Louisiana

Culex stigmatosoma and Cx. peus: identification of female adults in the United States
By Dan Strickman
Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 4(4):555-6, 1988

Endochironomus Kieffer, Tribelos Townes, Synendotendipes, n. gen., and Endotribelos, n. gen. of the Nearctic Region
By Gail Grodhaus
Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 1987
Full citation: "Endochironomus Kieffer, Tribelos Townes, Synendotendipes, n. gen., and Endotribelos, n. gen. (Diptera: Chironomidae) of the Nearctic Region", Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 60:167-247 (Apr. 1987).

A review of the known species of Endochironomus and related genera.

On JSTOR.

The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas.
By Chung et al.
JAMA, 310(3): 297-307., 2013
PubMed

Chung WM, Buseman CM, Joyner SN, Hughes SM, Fomby TB, Luby JP, Haley RW. (2013) The 2012 West Nile encephalitis epidemic in Dallas, Texas. JAMA, 310(3): 297-307.

Abstract
After progressive declines over recent years, in 2012 West Nile virus epidemics resurged nationwide, with the greatest number of cases centered in Dallas County, Texas.

RESULTS:
The investigation identified 173 cases of WNND, 225 of West Nile fever, 17 West Nile virus-positive blood donors, and 19 deaths in 2012. The incidence rate for WNND was 7.30 per 100,000 residents in 2012, compared with 2.91 per 100,000 in 2006, the largest previous Dallas County outbreak. An unusually rapid and early escalation of large numbers of human cases closely followed increasing infection trends in mosquitoes. The Cx quinquefasciatus species-specific vector index predicted the onset of symptoms among WNND cases 1 to 2 weeks later...

West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior.
By Kilpatrick et al.
PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82., 2006
Full Text

Kilpatrick AM, Kramer LD, Jones MJ, Marra PP, Daszak P. 2006. West Nile virus epidemics in North America are driven by shifts in mosquito feeding behavior. PLoS Biol. 4(4): e82.

Abstract
West Nile virus (WNV) has caused repeated large-scale human epidemics in North America since it was first detected in 1999 and is now the dominant vector-borne disease in this continent. Understanding the factors that determine the intensity of the spillover of this zoonotic pathogen from birds to humans (via mosquitoes) is a prerequisite for predicting and preventing human epidemics.

Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis.
By Edman JD, Taylor DJ.
Science 161(3836): 67-68., 1968
PubMed

Edman JD, Taylor DJ. 1968. Culex nigripalpus: seasonal shift in the bird-mammal feeding ratio in a mosquito vector of human encephalitis. Science 161(3836): 67-68.

Abstract
Blood-engorged Culex nigripalpus (Theob.) collected throughout the year in two Florida localities were serologically tested to determine the host range of this mosquito in nature. A proportional increase in feeding on mammals occurred in early summer, reached a maximum between July and October, and was followed by a shift back to avian hosts which dominated the feeding pattern during winter and spring.

Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti in the continental United States: a vector at the cool margin of its geographic range.
By Eisen L, Moore CG.
Journal of Medical Entomology 50(3): 467-78., 2013
Full Text

Eisen L, Moore CG. 2013. Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti in the continental United States: a vector at the cool margin of its geographic range. Journal of Medical Entomology 50(3): 467-78.

U.S. range of Ae. aegypti

Counties in the continental United States with collection records of Ae. aegypti from 1986 to 2010 (shaded red), based on information from a database for invasive mosquito species curated by C. G. Moore of Colorado State University.

 
 
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