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Infraorder Tipulomorpha - Crane Flies

Crane Fly - Tipula band-winged crane fly - Epiphragma fasciapenne - female Large Crane Flies - Tipula noveboracensis - male - female Crane Fly (that led a rough life) - Limonia triocellata - male tipulid emerging from moss mat - Limonia wormlike grub, likely beetle Large Crane Fly - Tipulidae Eugnophomyia? - Eugnophomyia
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Diptera (Flies)
No Taxon ("Nematocera" (Non-Brachycera))
Infraorder Tipulomorpha (Crane Flies)
4 families, all represented in NA; >1500 spp. in 90 genera and >100 subgenera in our area, >15300 spp. (+about as many estimated undescribed) in ~700 genera and subgenera worldwide(1)
selected keys to aquatic larvae in(2)(3)(4)(5)
Flies identified as crane flies (two complete anal veins, V-shaped suture in thorax) can be submitted here or moved here from ID request to await further identification.
See Also
Print References
Alexander, C. P. 1950. Notes on the tropical American species of Tipulidae (Diptera). VI. The tribe Lmoniini, genus Limnia; subgenera Limom'a, Neolimnobia, Disoobola, and Rhipidia. Rev. de Entomologia, 21:161-221, 42 figs. (PDF)
Alexander, C. P. 1966. The Diptera or true flies of Connecticut. Part VI. First Fascicle. Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey, Bulletin 64: 1-509. (PDF)
Alexander, C.P. 1970. Bredin-Archbold-Smithsonian biological survey of Dominica. The crane flies (Diptera: Tipulidae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoolology 45: 1-59.
Alexander, C. P. 1934-5. In Curran, C. H. The families and genera of North American Diptera, pp. 38-39, figs. 1-44.(6)
Internet References
Works Cited
1.Oosterbroek P. (2014) Catalogue of the craneflies of the world
2.Aquatic Insects of North America
R. W. Merritt, K. W. Cummins, M.B. Berg. 2008. Kendall/Hunt.
3.Manual for the identification of aquatic crane fly larvae for North America
Gelhaus J.K. 2008. Salt Lake City UT. 212 pp.
4.Manual for the identification of aquatic crane fly larvae for southeastern United States
Gelhaus J.K. 2002. Durham NC, 206 pp.
5.Guide to aquatic macroinvertebrates of the Upper Midwest
Bouchard R.W., Jr. 2004. Water Resources Center, U. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN. 208 pp.
6.The families and genera of North American Diptera
Charles H. Curran. 1934. Ballou Press, New York, NY.
8.University of Kentucky Department of Entomology (2004-2010) Kentucky critter files