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Subfamily Podopinae - Turtle Bugs

Unknown Shield or Stink Bug - Amaurochrous dubius turtle bug? - Amaurochrous cinctipes Podopinae: Oncozygia? - Oncozygia clavicornis Turtle Bug - Amaurochrous cinctipes A. cinctipes? - Amaurochrous cinctipes Podopinae brown shield bug - Amaurochrous Amaurochrous
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Pentatomoidea
Family Pentatomidae (Stink Bugs)
Subfamily Podopinae (Turtle Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Graphosomatinae
Sometimes given family status (Podopidae)(1)
Explanation of Names
Podopinae Amyot & Serville 1843
called turtle bugs because of their shape or because some prefer marshy areas(2)
Numbers
14 spp. in 6 genera in our area, all in the Podopini(3); ~250 spp. in 64 genera of 5 tribes worldwide(4)
Identification
scutellum greatly enlarged, similar to the Scutelleridae(5)
keys/revision in(6)
Range
much more diverse in the Old World(2)
Habitat
in NA, swampy areas, but in the Old World mostly drier grasslands to deserts
Remarks
mosquito abatement practices (drainage, sprays) may have decimated these rare bugs (D.B. Thomas, pers. comm.)
several spp. are important pests of rice in both the Old World (Scotinophara) and New World (Amaurochrous)(2)
Works Cited
1.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.The Heteroptera (Hemiptera) of North Dakota I: Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea
Rider D.A. 2012. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 312-380.
3.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
4.Rider D. (2006-2013) Pentatomoidea home page
5.An updated synopsis of the Pentatomoidea (Heteroptera) of Michigan
Swanson D.R. 2012. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 263-311.
6.A revision of the turtle bugs of North America (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
Barber H.G., Sailer R.I. 1953. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 150-162.