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Subfamily Podopinae - Turtle Bugs

Turtle Bug - Amaurochrous cinctipes Hemiptera, stink bug? - Amaurochrous vanduzeei Oncozygia clavicornis Oncozygia clavicornis Amaurochrous cinctipes (Say) - Amaurochrous cinctipes Weda tumidifrons Barber & Sailer - Weda tumidifrons - female Podopinae - Weda parvula Amaurochrous cinctipes
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Pentatomomorpha
Superfamily Pentatomoidea
Family Pentatomidae (Stink Bugs)
Subfamily Podopinae (Turtle Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Graphosomatinae Mulsant & Rey 1865
treated as a family (Podopidae) in (1)
Explanation of Names
Podopinae Amyot & Serville 1843
Numbers
14 spp. in 6 genera in our area, all in the Podopini(2); ~250 spp. in 60+ genera of 5 tribes worldwide(3)
Identification
scutellum greatly enlarged(4)
keys/revision in(5)
Range
much more diverse in the Old World(6)
Habitat
in NA, swampy areas, but in the Old World mostly drier grasslands to deserts
Remarks
mosquito abatement practices (drainage, sprays) may have decimated these rare bugs (D.B. Thomas, pers. comm.)
several spp. are important pests of rice in both the Old World (Scotinophara) and New World (Amaurochrous)(6)
Works Cited
1.How to Know the True Bugs
Slater, James A., and Baranowski, Richard M. 1978. Wm. C. Brown Company.
2.A distributional synopsis of the Pentatomidae (Heteroptera) north of Mexico, including new state and provincial records
Rider, D.A. and Swanson, D.R. 2021. Zootaxa, 5015(1), 1–69.
3.Rider D. (2006-) Pentatomoidea home page
4.An updated synopsis of the Pentatomoidea (Heteroptera) of Michigan
Swanson D.R. 2012. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 263-311.
5.A revision of the turtle bugs of North America (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
Barber H.G., Sailer R.I. 1953. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 43: 150-162.
6.The Heteroptera (Hemiptera) of North Dakota I: Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea
Rider D.A. 2012. Great Lakes Entomologist 45: 312-380.