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Family Tingidae - Lace Bugs

Lace Bug - Corythucha Tingidae - Gargaphia Corythucha juglandis? - Corythucha Tingidae 6.6.16 - Corythucha morrilli Tingidae from meadow - Leptodictya plana Lacebug - Corythucha Tingidae - Corythucha Corythucha sp.  - Corythucha
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Heteroptera (True Bugs)
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Miroidea
Family Tingidae (Lace Bugs)
Synonyms and other taxonomic changes
Tingitidae
Explanation of Names
Tingidae LaPorte 1832
Numbers
~165 spp. in 24 genera in our area (all but one in the Tinginae)(1), ~2,350 spp. in >280 genera worldwide(2) arranged in 3 subfamilies(3); at least two of the genera recorded in NA represent adventive European spp. (images: a, b)
Size
3-5 mm (NA)(1), 2-8+ mm worldwide(4)
Identification
Adults have a sculptured lacelike pattern of the dorsum; nymphs are usually spiny and black. Other important characters (5):
ocelli absent
beak and antennae four-jointed
scutellum absent or much reduced, replaced by the angular hind portions of the pronotum
tarsi two-jointed
Keys to FL spp. in(6)
excellent habitus photos of 60 spp.(7), including 15 spp. not yet in the guide
Range
worldwide and throughout NA(1)
Food
Feed mainly on leaves of trees and shrubs, causing yellow spotting and sometimes browning and death of the leaves(8)
Life Cycle
Eggs usually laid on the underside of leaves near veins(1)
Print References
(9)(10)(11)*
*Online here
Internet References
Bailey NS. 1951. The Tingoidea of New England and their biology. Entomologica Americana 31 (N.S.): 1-140.
Bailey NS. 1960. Additions to the bioecology of the New England Tingidae and Piesmidae (Heteroptera). Psyche 66: 63-69.
Blatchley WS. 1926. Heteroptera or True Bugs of Eastern North America, with Especial Reference to Faunas of Indiana and Florida. Nature Publishing Co., Indianapolis. 1116 pp.
Comstock JH. 1880. The hawthorn tingis (Corythucha arcuata, Say, var.), order Hemiptera; family Tingidae. U.S.D.A. Report of the Entomologist for 1879: 221-222.
Drake CJ, Ruhoff FA. 1965. Lacebugs of the World (Hemiptera: Tingidae). U.S. Natural History Museum Bulletin 243: 1-634.
Feldman AE, Bailey NS. 1953. The taxonomic value of the ovipositor in the New England species of the genus Corythucha Stål (Hemiptera: Tingidae). Psyche 59: 96-104.
Gibson EH. 1918. The genus Corythucha Stål (Tingidae: Heteroptera). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 44: 60-104.
Sailer RI. 1945. The bite of a lacebug, Corythucha cydoniae (Fitch). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 18: 1.
Scott HE. 1960. Lace bugs and their control. North Carolina Agricultural Extension Service Folder 177 (n.p.).
Works Cited
1.American Insects: A Handbook of the Insects of America North of Mexico
Ross H. Arnett. 2000. CRC Press.
2.Guilbert E. (2013) Lace bugs database
3.Phylogeny of Cantacaderinae (Het.: Tingidae) revisited after the description of a new genus and new species from New Caledonia
Guilbert E. 2012. Eur. J. Entomol. 109: 111-116.
4.Biodiversity of the Heteroptera
Henry T.J. 2009. In: Foottit R.G., Adler P.H., eds. Insect biodiversity: Science and society. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell: 223-263.
5.An Introduction to Entomology
John Henry Comstock. 1933. The Comstock publishing Co.
6.Key to Tingidae of Florida, by A. Bisson, S. Clark, M. Lehnert, R. Stein
7.Photo gallery of the Spencer Entomological Collection
8.Borror and DeLong's Introduction to the Study of Insects
Norman F. Johnson, Charles A. Triplehorn. 2004. Brooks Cole.
9.The Tingitoidea of Ohio (Ohio Biological Survey Bulletin: volume 2 number 4-Bulletin 8)
Osborn, Herbert, and Drake, Carl John. 1916. Ohio State University.
10.Tingoidea of Oklahoma (Hemiptera)
Drew W.A., Arnold D.C. 1977. Proc. Oklahoma Acad. Sci. 57: 29-31.
11.Encyclopedia of Entomology, 2nd ed
Capinera J.L., ed. 2008. Springer, lxiii+4346 pp. (4 vols.).