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Family Cixiidae - Cixiid Planthoppers

It almost fooled me - Melanoliarus Cixiidae - dorsal - Melanoliarus Cixiid planthopper - Bothriocera maculata Planthopper nymph planthopper - Haplaxius Haplaxius catalinus? - Haplaxius Oecleus? - Oecleus 9040020 hopper - Pintalia delicata
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Fulgoroidea (Planthoppers)
Family Cixiidae (Cixiid Planthoppers)
Explanation of Names
Cixiidae Spinola 1839
180 spp. in 15 genera in our area(1); worldwide, the largest family of planthoppers, with >2,200 spp. in almost 200 genera(2)
Cixiids and kinnarids are the only planthopper families that have a median ocellus, which is located just above the frontoclypeal suture. Cixiids have a row of spines on the second hind tarsomere, and females have a well-developed ‘orthopteroid-type’ ovipositor, (a feature shared (in Fulgoroidea) only with Delphacidae.
Species identification relies heavily on features of male genitalia; females often unidentifiable beyond genus, except by association with a male(1)
worldwide; in our area, the richest fauna in the southwest (esp. AZ & CA), the poorest, in the northwest(1)
Nymphs subterranean, feeding on roots (and possibly fungi?). Many are presumed to be polyphagous as adults, most often on woody plants.(1)
Print References
Kramer, J.P. 1983. Taxonomic study of the planthopper family Cixiidae in the United States (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 109: 1-58.
Internet References
Family page - Univ. Delaware(1)