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Family Cixiidae - Cixiid Planthoppers

Pintalia delicata (Fowler) - Pintalia delicata Which Cixius? - Melanoliarus - female Bothriocera - Bothriocera cognita Oeclius species possible - Melanoliarus Crazy-eyed Plant Hopper - Melanoliarus Leafhopper - Haplaxius Cixius nymph - Cixius Cixius - Cixius misellus
Classification
Kingdom Animalia (Animals)
Phylum Arthropoda (Arthropods)
Subphylum Hexapoda (Hexapods)
Class Insecta (Insects)
Order Hemiptera (True Bugs, Cicadas, Hoppers, Aphids and Allies)
Suborder Auchenorrhyncha (Free-living Hemipterans)
Superfamily Fulgoroidea (Planthoppers)
Family Cixiidae (Cixiid Planthoppers)
Explanation of Names
Cixiidae Spinola 1839
Numbers
180 spp. in 15 genera in our area(1); worldwide, the largest family of planthoppers, with >2,200 spp. in almost 200 genera(2)
Identification
Cixiids and kinnarids are the only planthopper families that have a median ocellus, which is located just above the frontoclypeal suture. Cixiids have a row of spines on the second hind tarsomere, and females have a well-developed ‘orthopteroid-type’ ovipositor, (a feature shared (in Fulgoroidea) only with Delphacidae.
Species identification relies heavily on features of male genitalia; females often unidentifiable beyond genus, except by association with a male(1)
Range
worldwide; in our area, the richest fauna in the southwest (esp. AZ & CA), the poorest, in the northwest(1)
Food
Nymphs subterranean, feeding on roots (and possibly fungi?). Many are presumed to be polyphagous as adults, most often on woody plants.(1)
Print References
Kramer, J.P. 1983. Taxonomic study of the planthopper family Cixiidae in the United States (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Transactions of the American Entomological Society 109: 1-58.
Internet References
Family page - Univ. Delaware(1)